Gestalt therapy teaches clients that their interpretations of certain events is not always what is true in reality. The therapist will then help the client to identify the obstacles, patterns and thoughts in their mind which determine the way in which they respond to different situations in order for the client to better understand how to act in the future. The key concepts of gestalt therapy are:
- Person-centred awareness which focuses on the future.
- Treating the client whoever they may be with great respect
- Focusing on the client’s experiences.
- Experimental This is used by therapists to test their client’s experience in a creative and flexible way.
- Encouraging individuals to adopt an egalitarian approach to social life.
- Considering individuals to have good mental health when they have a good relationship with themselves and others around them.
The following techniques are all used in gestalt therapy:
- The ‘Open Chair’ Technique: This involves two chairs and role-play in which the client imagines talking to their self
- Dialogue which can evolve into laughing singing or dancing
- Discussion of dreams
- Attention to body language
Gestalt therapy is all about self-awareness and therefore is a suitable therapy for anyone who has trouble expressing their emotions or is going through a difficult period. It is used to treat a wide array of issues as it can be a short or long-term therapy. For example, gestalt therapy is used to treat issues such as post-traumatic stress, tension, anxiety, depression and addiction. Overall, gestalt therapy aims to make clients feel more confident and calm.